The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico

The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico☂ [PDF / Epub] ☁ The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico By Miguel León-Portilla ✐ – Heartforum.co.uk Until , when this book was published for the first time, the only organized testimony about the Conquest was the victorious chronicle of the Spaniards themselves Miguel Le n Portilla had the incompara Until Spears: The Aztec Account Epub / , when this book was published Spears: The ePUB ☆ for the first time, the only organized testimony about the The Broken Kindle - Conquest was the victorious chronicle of the Spaniards themselves Miguel Le n Portilla had the incomparable success of Broken Spears: The Epub ß organizing texts translated from Nahuatl by ngel Mar a Garibay Kintana to give us the The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Indigenous people of Tenochtitl n, Tlatelolco, Texcoco, Chalco and Tlaxcala were formed about the struggle against the conquerors and the final ruin of the Aztec worldAn account of the omens that announced the disaster, a description of Cortes progress, a chronicle of the heroic battle of the ancient Mexicans in defense of their culture and of their own lives, a civilization that was lost forever, a great epic poem of the origins of Mexican nationality, The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico is already a classic book and an indispensable reading work.

Ha Spears: The Aztec Account Epub / sido profesor en la Facultad de Spears: The ePUB ☆ Filosof a y Letras de la UNAM desde , director The Broken Kindle - del Instituto de Investigaciones Hist ricas, miembro de la Junta de Gobierno de la UNAM, y actualmente es Broken Spears: The Epub ß Investigador Em rito del Instituto de Investigaciones Hist ricas, con antig edad desde Ha impartido numerosas conferencias y pertenece, como consejero, al Instituto de Civilizaciones Diferentes, de Bruselas, B lgica a la Sociedad de Americanistas con sede en Par s, Francia a la American Anthropological Association, a la Sociedad Mexicana de Antropolog a, a la Academia de la Investigaci n Cient fica, a la Academia Mexicana de la Historia de la que ha sido director , a la Academia Mexicana de la Lengua, a la American Historical Association, a la National Academy of Sciences ya otras instituciones culturales mexicanas y for neas El Colegio Nacional.

The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of
    The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of of the Conquest of Mexico Indigenous people of Tenochtitl n, Tlatelolco, Texcoco, Chalco and Tlaxcala were formed about the struggle against the conquerors and the final ruin of the Aztec worldAn account of the omens that announced the disaster, a description of Cortes progress, a chronicle of the heroic battle of the ancient Mexicans in defense of their culture and of their own lives, a civilization that was lost forever, a great epic poem of the origins of Mexican nationality, The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico is already a classic book and an indispensable reading work."/>
  • Paperback
  • 264 pages
  • The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico
  • Miguel León-Portilla
  • English
  • 01 February 2019
  • 080705500X

10 thoughts on “The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico

  1. Cynda says:

    A must read for all those interested in a history not often written A history written by the nearly vanquished Before read this book, I did not understand why Mexico still has a significant number of citizens who still speak native languages as either their first or their only language They were nearly vanquished I knew that English language has survived the English royalty being defeated I was taught at university that English was the only language my professors knew to have kept thein lan A must read for all those interested in a history not often written A history written by the nearly vanquished Before read this book, I did not understand why Mexico still has a significant number of citizens who still speak native languages as either their first or their only language They were nearly vanquished I knew that English language has survived the English royalty being defeated I was taught at university that English was the only language my professors knew to have kept thein language and did not switch their language to that of the ruling class That was what my professors of English and rhetoric knew Know I know differently And I am glad to know how the Mexican natives have held on their languages

  2. Jessie says:

    I had to read this for my intro class to Latin America from prehistory to 1800 I absolutely enjoyed reading it Getting a peak into what the Mexicas felt, saw, and experienced was priceless for understanding the Conquest of Mexico in full The language though melancholy was quite beautiful I highly recommend for all history fans.

  3. Kelly Vidaurri says:

    A History by the Defeated, for the DefeatedHistory has always been written by the winners and for the winners This has never been truer than the account of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire The history that has been taught in schools gives an account of a heroic battle between good and evil however the accounts in Miguel Leon Portilla s Broken Spears sheds new light on a subject that has been dulled by relentless repetition of a victor s history The importance of a collection of a A History by the Defeated, for the DefeatedHistory has always been written by the winners and for the winners This has never been truer than the account of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire The history that has been taught in schools gives an account of a heroic battle between good and evil however the accounts in Miguel Leon Portilla s Broken Spears sheds new light on a subject that has been dulled by relentless repetition of a victor s history The importance of a collection of accounts such as the one found in Broken Spears has untold value both in its factual documents shared by the native people who were witness to the events that occurred during the conquest, and also for its expressive value that many cultures throughout history and the present can perhaps, relate to The idea that the facts of the Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs are well known is an enduring illusion that needs to be reconciled with the accounts of the witnesses of these events What is imperative to understanding the importance of this collection of accounts is that for hundreds of years, the Aztec people and their descendents were completely denied a voice in the chronicling of their own history Broken Spears gives the voice that was found wanted, and re affirms the history of the Aztec Empire As callous as it sounds, especially after reading these accounts, I find that I have never really thought about the Aztec Empire I have been herded in by the history that I was spoon fed through early education I never realized what a significant event this was, both in the telling of my history as an American butimportantly for the people of the Aztec Empire I can honestly say that all of the information that I absorbed from reading these accounts was brand new for me I found the entire book fascinating, and think that it should be added to the required texts in the curriculum of schools It is like when the Great Oz is unveiled the reader is both shocked, and amazed by the events One specific passage in the book that really amazed me is as follows Thus encouraged, they grew so brave that the slaughter and havoc increased beyond imagining page 45 This passage is part of a detailing that illustrates the massacre at Cholula which was truly a massacre as the native people of Cholula were unarmed and had no warning of an impending attack Another important element of this history that is compelling for me is that the Spaniards were quick to align themselves with the Tlaxcaltecas which was always complete unknown to me Again, the history that is taught in school tells the story of how Cortes defeated the Aztecs with just his thin numbers of Soldiers, and to realize that he aligned himself with this large group of natives, who then pursued a personal vendetta against this virtually innocent neighboring tribe is shocking With all of this virtually new information on the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire, there can still be only one way that chips fall in regards to the outcome Tenochtitlan falls The Aztec people were in no place to take up battle with the Spaniards and their new found allies Gunpowder, advanced technology, ideology and disease all played a key role in the fall of Tenochtitlan Firstly, gunpowder was completely unknown to the Aztec people When Motecuhzoma sent his messengers to greet Cortes they were nearly overcome with fear as was undoubtedly Cortes goal, when Cortes fired his cannon The messengers were bound with chains When this had been done, the great cannon was fired off The messengers lost their senses and fainted away page 26 This excerpt from Broken Spears does a fantastic job of showing the demeanor of Cortes straight from the first encounter with the Aztec Empire He takes this opportunity to show his power over them, and strike fear into their hearts Not only was gunpowder a form of advanced technology that the Spaniards had over the Aztec people, but the use of heavy metals in their armor, and their strategic advancements were also key to the defeat of Motecuhzoma and his people Cortes was a very smart logistician and strategist when dealing with the battle he waged against the Aztecs He showed great skill, which the Aztec people, although were also very competent when it came to battle, would be unable to overcome, or were to na ve to capitalize on when the time revealed itself Thirdly, ideologies played another key role in the fall of Tenochtitlan The Aztec people had very strict beliefs and therefore rules when it came to battle There were unprepared for the type of warfare that they would face with the Spaniards By the time The Night of Sorrows took place, the rule of the Motecuhzoma lacked all legitimacy, and the people basically were acting as a militia fighting for number one, and not an empire Lastly, and I think most importantly, was the spread of small pox virus throughout the country Whether or not the Aztec people would have raged terrible war against the Spaniards and drove them off, the damage was already done Germ warfare is deadly with a capital D and the Aztec people were uncorrupted by diseases that were found in Europe at this time This would prove to be their downfall The toll taken on the Aztecs was so tremendous that no matter when or who or how waged war against them, they were doomed The significance of Broken Spears is one of reinforcement of the legitimacy of a people In the world that we all live in today, people everywhere are fighting for recognition from their government specifically seen the Arab Spring of 2011 and 2012 A book like this one has the opportunity not only to radically change the way that indigenous people of the Aztec Empire are viewed and evaluated by the people of the World but also gives the descendents of this group of people a voice to be heard

  4. Fer Prz says:

    Second read review April 2020 We are crushed to the ground we lie in ruins There is nothing but grief and suffering in Mexico and Tlatelolco Although most of the text were preserved via song and dance, I cannot help but think that even these documents are somehow tampered and doctored by the Spaniards But the other side story is muchfascinating than the one we re taught at school The Aztecs foretold the arrival of people with godlike power that would destroy their land And on Novem Second read review April 2020 We are crushed to the ground we lie in ruins There is nothing but grief and suffering in Mexico and Tlatelolco Although most of the text were preserved via song and dance, I cannot help but think that even these documents are somehow tampered and doctored by the Spaniards But the other side story is muchfascinating than the one we re taught at school The Aztecs foretold the arrival of people with godlike power that would destroy their land And on November 1519 Hernando Cortes arrived as if on queue along with 600 men Using their weapons, godlike reverence, and sociopath behavior they conquered a kingdom with people totaling 500K As I delve into these Aztec written texts I think of the brutality a conqueror has to engage in order to utterly dominate their subjects Even though famine, specifically smallpox would ve killed off a lot of their people, the lack of courage and valor demonstrated by Motecuhzoma opened the doors for a swift conquest The Spaniards took away so much pride and mandhood form the the Aztecs that their women told them they would no longer follow tradition of respect towards their men I find great sadness upon reading the letters addressed to the king expressing how the Aztecs were begging to be baptized and respected as men The Spaniards showed no mercy or remorse towards them They only wanted gold, it made them smile and hunger like pigs Initial Review October 2017 This book provides a detailed account of the destruction of the Nahuatl culture as witnessed by a few of its survivors.Some questions I ve always had with regards to the meeting of these cultures what was going through the native s mind when they first saw these ships And how did they interpret their own downfall Our knowledge of the events that transpired in the colonization process is mainly from the Spaniards point of view Leaving an equally important narrative ignored and forgotten For instance we know that destructive technology and monotheistic religion gave the Spanish reasons to think the indians were savages and inferioir In stark contrast, the Aztecs humanized the gods stating in the nahuatl passages how greed consumed the barbarian s eyes at the sight of gold

  5. Justin says:

    The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico is sadly an overstatement for this collection of writings After reading the chronicler conquistador Bernal Diaz s very detailed and often vivid first hand account, these assorted Aztec accounts feel sparse and disjointed I understand the purpose of the book was not for such detail and orderliness, but to provide a different perspective Quite unfortunately, this perspective of a virtually alien culture seems to be almost entirely lost However, I f The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico is sadly an overstatement for this collection of writings After reading the chronicler conquistador Bernal Diaz s very detailed and often vivid first hand account, these assorted Aztec accounts feel sparse and disjointed I understand the purpose of the book was not for such detail and orderliness, but to provide a different perspective Quite unfortunately, this perspective of a virtually alien culture seems to be almost entirely lost However, I felt there was a lot to be gained just by understanding this loss The take away for me was how fleeting culture and belief can be I did very much appreciate the details of Montezuma s struggle with these foreign gods The enigmatic and very religious man makes a littlesense with the additional stories I would say that without the story structure of having read books like The Conquest of New Spain by Bernal Diaz or amodern book like Buddy Levy s, this book alone might feel out of context

  6. Andrew-Mario Hart-Grana says:

    It s as refreshing as it was when it was first published many years ago Leon Portillo s constructed account of the vision of the vanquished has been somehow rejuvenated with new Nahua sources i.e Emiliano Zapata s statements , which confirm the continuity, and transformation, of this vision throughout time In recent years, academic studies have beeninclined to also address cultural adaptations which certainly allowed these voices to be reproduced and heard for many centuries af It s as refreshing as it was when it was first published many years ago Leon Portillo s constructed account of the vision of the vanquished has been somehow rejuvenated with new Nahua sources i.e Emiliano Zapata s statements , which confirm the continuity, and transformation, of this vision throughout time In recent years, academic studies have beeninclined to also address cultural adaptations which certainly allowed these voices to be reproduced and heard for many centuries after the Conquest Looking back, it is amazing how, despite the fact that these are voices of the defeated , they also permeated other voices and echoed for long enough to still be heard in the present Under this perspective, this book is not a story of the defeated but a story of survivors The Broken Spears have not vanished, are still there to be seen

  7. Lisa says:

    Classic account from Nahuatl texts of the battle between the Spaniards and Aztecs Just a few perspectives and best read with a textbook orthorough descriptions of the Encounter era But so evocative and descriptive Really easy read that my surrender love but helps to have astraightforward narrative to put this in context with The editor was one of the first to do this back in the 50s when few read indigenous peoples perspectives anywhere So a great bit of historiography.

  8. Abdulsalam Alali says:

    It is mainly about telling the story from different codexes of the Spaniard conquest to the aztec capital Tenochtitlan , and the territories around it There re a lot of Mexican names which makes reading it a little bit uncomfortable By the way, it was one of my history class requirement, and that is why I am reading it. Honestly, I would not be interested reading this kind of books

  9. Mische says:

    i m like halfway through this book and it s fucking great why the fuck aren thistory books written like poetry

  10. Angela says:

    One of a kind This was a great read, even if it was required book for class I enjoyed every minute of it This book will have you questioning everything you previously believed.

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