Unanswered Threats



Unanswered Threats Why have states throughout history regularly underestimated dangers to their survival Why have some states been able to mobilize their material resources effectively to balance against threats, while others have not been able to do so The phenomenon of underbalancing is a common but woefully underexamined behavior in international politics Underbalancing occurs when states fail to recognize dangerous threats, choose not to react to them, or respond in paltry and imprudent ways It is a response that directly contradicts the core prediction of structural realism s balance of power theory that states motivated to survive as autonomous entities are coherent actors that, when confronted by dangerous threats, act to restore the disrupted balance by creating alliances or increasing their military capabilities, or, in some cases, a combination of both Consistent with the new wave of neoclassical realist research, Unanswered Threats offers a theory of underbalancing based on four domestic level variables elite consensus, elite cohesion, social cohesion, and regime government vulnerability that channel, mediate, and redirect policy responses to external pressures and incentives The theory yields five causal schemes for underbalancing behavior, which are tested against the cases of interwar Britain and France, France from 1877 to 1913, and the War of the Triple Alliance 1864 1870 that pitted tiny Paraguay against Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay Randall Schweller concludes that those most likely to underbalance are incoherent, fragmented states whose elites are constrained by political considerations. Best Read Unanswered Threats [ by ] Randall L. Schweller [ Kindle ePUB or eBook ] – heartforum.co.uk

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Free Download Unanswered Threats  By Randall L. Schweller For Kindle ePUB or eBook – heartforum.co.uk
  • Hardcover
  • 182 pages
  • Unanswered Threats
  • Randall L. Schweller
  • English
  • 11 November 2018
  • 0691124256

10 thoughts on “Unanswered Threats

  1. Vheissu says:

    This is a scholarly work intended for area specialists, not general readers Schweller s argument, however, has potentially significant relevance to the foreign policy of a Donald Trump administration and, consequently, the American people.Schweller offers a domestic level approach to the analysis of the balance of power, in particular, why the balance of power theories of structural realists like Kenneth N Waltz and John Mearsheimer often fail to explain actual state behavior Schweller is int This is a scholarly work intended for area specialists, not general readers Schweller s argument, however, has potentially significant relevance to the foreign policy of a Donald Trump administration and, consequently, the American people.Schweller offers a domestic level approach to the analysis of the balance of power, in particular, why the balance of power theories of structural realists like Kenneth N Waltz and John Mearsheimer often fail to explain actual state behavior Schweller is interested in explaining what he calls underbalancing, a pathological balancing strategy in the views of Waltz and Mearsheimer.Since the advent of nuclear weapons, many scholars have warned policymakers against overreacting to perceived threats overbalancing Schweller wants to draw our attention to an equally faulty practice of under reacting underbalancing He explains this phenomenon as a consequence of four important features ...

  2. Brenden says:

    Unanswered Threats Political Constraints on the Balance of Power Princeton Studies in International History and Politics by Randall L Schweller 2006

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