Смерть Ивана Ильича

Смерть Ивана Ильича[Reading] ➻ Смерть Ивана Ильича ➱ Leo Tolstoy – Heartforum.co.uk Hailed as one of the world's supreme masterpieces on the subject of death and dying The Death of Ivan Ilyich is the story of a worldly careerist a high court judge who has never given the inevitabilit Hailed as one of the world's supreme masterpieces on the subject of death and dying The Death of Ivan Ilyich is the story of a worldly careerist a high court judge who has never given the inevitability of Смерть Ивана PDF \ his dying so much as a passing thought But one day death announces itself to him and to his shocked surprise he is brought face to face with his own mortality How Tolstoy asks does an unreflective man confront his one and only moment of truthThis short novel was an artistic culmination of a profound spiritual crisis in Tolstoy's life a nine year period following the publication of Anna Karenina during which he wrote not a word of fictionA thoroughly absorbing and at times terrifying glimpse into the abyss of death it is also a strong testament to the possibility of finding spiritual salvation.

Лев Николаевич Толстой; commonly Leo Tolstoy in Anglophone countries was a Russian writer who primarily wrote novels and short stories Later in life he also wrote plays and essays His two most famous works the novels War and Смерть Ивана PDF \ Peace and Anna Karenina are acknowledged as two of the greatest novels of all time and a pinnacle of realist fiction Many consider Tolstoy to have been one of the world's greatest novelists Tolstoy is eually known for his complicated and paradoxical persona and for his extreme moralistic and ascetic views which he adopted after a moral crisis and spiritual awakening in the s after which he also became noted as a moral thinker and social reformerHis literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus centering on the Sermon on the Mount caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and anarcho pacifist His ideas on nonviolent resistance expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth century figures as Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.

Смерть Ивана Ильича PDF Ë
  • Paperback
  • 86 pages
  • Смерть Ивана Ильича
  • Leo Tolstoy
  • English
  • 07 September 2016
  • 9781600964336

10 thoughts on “Смерть Ивана Ильича

  1. Jenn(ifer) says:

    “Death is over he said to himself There is no death”When I picked this book up at a library book sale I did so without expectation that I would actually enjoy reading it See I had mistakenly given up on the masters of Russian literature due to the struggles I had reading a particular novel I’m looking at you Brothers Karamazov assuming they were all inaccessible and there was no point in expending any energy trying to make sense of books with characters that go by 3 different names and waaaaaaah the endTHIS book Not at all inaccessible Masterful in its brevity Concise and relevant and beautifully written Pay close attention Blink and you’ll miss itI don’t have the words Tolstoy sets up the story expertly Ivan Ilyich is a decent man He has all of the trappings of a “successful life” respectable family respectable job respectable home He is by all intents and purposes content with his position in life But has he truly lived?Tolstoy describes Ivan Ilyich’s failing health in such a way that the reader can almost FEEL what it was like for him The gnawing ache in his side the pain unrelenting demoralizing every simple facet of existence plagued by torturous insufferable incurable pain It’s agonizing He cannot escape it And then there’s his wife She becomes like the walking breathing embodiment of this pain He can’t stand the sight of her the sound of her the smell of her We get the briefest of glimpses of what it must be like for a man on the brink of death He feels he is a burden; he believes everyone is just waiting for him to die He doesn’t want to have to rely on anyone to help alleviate his suffering He struggles with existence with god “why me? why is this happening to me” But then in the end he finds what we all hope to find He finds peace He finds that this is not the end of life but the end of deathWell Leo I think you've found yourself a new fan

  2. Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    829 Смерть Ивана Ильича ‎Smert Ivana Ilicha The Death of Ivan Ilyich Leo TolstoyThe Death of Ivan Ilyich first published in 1886 is a novella by Leo Tolstoy considered one of the masterpieces of his late fiction written shortly after his religious conversion of the late 1870s Usually classed among the best examples of the novella The Death of Ivan Ilyich tells the story of a high court judge and his sufferings and death from a terminal illness in 19th century RussiaCharacters Ivan Ilyich Ilyich is a patronymic his surname is Golovin is a highly regarded official of the Court of Justice described by Tolstoy as neither as cold and formal as his elder brother nor as wild as the younger but was a happy mean between them—an intelligent polished lively and agreeable man As the story progresses he becomes and introspective and emotional as he ponders the reason for his agonizing illness and deathPraskovya Fëdorovna Golovin is Ivan's unsympathetic wife She is characterized as self absorbed and uninterested in her husband's struggles unless they directly affect herGerasim is the Golovins' young butler He takes on the role of sole comforter and caretaker during Ivan's illnessPeter Ivanovich is Ivan's longtime friend and colleague He studied law with Ivan and is the first to recognize Ivan's impending deathLisa Golovin is Ivan's daughterFëdor Petrishchev is Lisa's fiancéعنوانها «مرگ ایوان ایلیچ»؛ «چند داستان و حکایت»؛ نویسنده لئو تولستوی؛ انتشاراتیها نیلوفر، دانا، رادوگا؛ ادبیات روسیه سده 19میلادی؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه نوامبر سال 2007میلادیعنوان چند داستان و حکایت؛ نویسنده لئو تولستوی؛ مترجم گامایون؛ مسکو، رادوگا، 1364، در 312ص؛عنوان داستانها «دو افسر هوسار»؛ «هامون نورد»؛ «مرگ ایوان ایلیچ»؛ «پس از مجلس رقص»؛عنوان مرگ ایوان ایلیچ؛ نویسنده لئو تولستوی؛ مترجم لاله بهنام؛ تهران، دانا، 1370، در 99ص؛ شابک 9646242685؛عنوان مرگ ایوان ایلیچ؛ نویسنده لئو تولستوی؛ مترجم صالح حسینی؛ تهران، نیلوفر، 1385، در 152ص؛ چاپ دوم 1386؛ سوم 1390؛ شابک 9789644483073؛مترجمهای این اثر خانمها و آقایان «گامایون»، «صالح حسینی»؛ «هوشنگ اسماعیلیان»؛ «رضی خدادادی هیرمندی»؛ «لاله بهنام»؛ «سالومه مهوشان»؛ «یوسف قنبر»؛ «حسن زمانی»؛ «تیمور قادری»؛ «سروش حبیبی»؛ «حمیدرضا آتش بر آب»؛ «محمد دادگر»؛ «علی اصغر بهرامی»؛ «کاظم انصاری»؛ و ؛ هستندایوان ایلیچ، شخصیت اصلی داستان «تولستوی»، شخصی موفق در زندگی روزمره و کاری ست، ولی در زندگی شخصی دچار مشکلاتی است؛ البته این مشکلات به نوعی متأثر از موفقیت‌های کاری وی نیز هست؛ او بنا به دلایلی که در کتاب ذکر شده، دچار بیماری سخت‌ درمان می‌شود؛ «تولستوی» در این کتاب از توانایی خود، برای به تصویر کشیدن روحیات، و احساسات یک بیمار کم علاج، سود می‌برند؛ «تولستوی» روحیات چنین بیمارانی را از لحظه ی آگاه شدنشان به بیماری خویش، تا لحظه ی خاموشی، یا همان مرگ را، به پنج مرحله تقسیم می‌کنند؛ این مراحل پنج‌گانه عبارتند از یک «عدم پذیرش یا انکار»، دوم «خشم»، سوم «معامله»، چهارم «افسردگی»، و پنجم «پذیرش»غایشان این مراحل را به طور دقیق، مورد بررسی قرار می‌دهند، از جمله توضیحات کوتاهی که در این پنج مرحله نگاشته شده، می‌توان به موارد زیر اشاره نمودمرحله انکار «تنها به مراحل اولیه یا رویارویی با بیماری محدود نمی‌شود، این مرحله با حرف‌های پزشک معالج آغاز می‌شود؛ او از انکار، یا عدم پذیرش، به عنوان نوعی تسکین، یا درمان، استفاده می‌کند»؛ مرحله خشم «در این مرحله بیمار، دیگران را مقصر بیماری خود می‌داند، در داستان، ایوان ایلیچ، ناراحتی خود را با آزار همسر، و دیگر اطرافیان، تسکین می‌دهد؛ او چنین می‌اندیشد که گویی او بیمار شده‌ است، تا دیگران سالم بمانندمرحله ی معامله از بین مراحل پنج‌گانه، این مرحله کوتاه‌ترین مرحله‌ است؛ بیمار با خود صحبت‌هایی مانند ای خدا اگر فقط یک سال به من مهلت بدهی، قول می‌دهم که مسیحی بشوم و؛ سعی در به تأخیر انداختن زمان مرگ خویش داردمرحله افسردگی در این مرحله، بیمار به عزای فرصت‌های از دست رفته، می‌نشیند، در این مرحله بیمار نیاز به تاریکی تنهایی دارد، و در تاریکی و تنهایی، خیال همه چیز را در سر می‌پروراندمرحله پذیرش مرحله پذیرش، آخرین مرحله ی یک بیمار است، که تهی از احساسات می‌شود؛ در این مرحله گویی درد از میان رفته‌ است؛ در این مرحله، سکوت، پرمعناترین شکل ارتباط است؛ در این مرحله، فشار دادن دست دوست، نگاهی سنگین و؛ پرمعناترین معانی را از ژرفای یک بیمار درحال مرگ، به خوانشگر منتقل می‌کندتاریخ بهنگام رسانی 27061399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی

  3. Petra-X says:

    Socrates said that an unexamined life was not worth living In Kafka's The Metamorphosis poor Gregor Samsa is transformed into a being that cannot take part in the daily round of society and becomes and sidelined and ignored by those around him This book the Death of Ivan Ilych has both of these notions contained within it's themeIvan Ilyich is dying As he grows sicker and fits in less with his fairweather friends and family and their preoccupations with their social lives they leave him be they cannot stand his sickness they cannot stand him All Ivan Ilyich has is the simple unschooled manservant with the good heart who doesn't want his master to die alone and afraid He is almost the Angel of Mercy all good his role is just to be there to help his master pass from this life with a good companion Ivan Ilych progresses through the endless scream of 'Why me? to where he is almost at the end And then he sees his rather petty life of moderate success and a little excess as it really was He stops hating his selfish wife and self centred daughter and ceasing to be afraid of death hopes his demise will bring them peace And by this examination of his life and the letting go of his shabby and trivial emotions he elevates himself And diesFinished end of Dec 2014

  4. Dolors says:

    Today I turned the last page of Banville’s Eclipse and was literally hit by the profundity of a book that surreptitiously echoes the mastery of the classic tragedies My pupils dilated until they watered when I bumped into this paragraph “As a boy I knew the stars and loved to speak their names over to myself in celestial litany Venus Betelgeuse Aldebaran the Bears great and lesser How I loved the coldness of those lights their purity their remoteness from us and all we do and all that befalls us Where they are is where the dead live”And you might be wondering what on earth Banville and Tolstoy have in common My unscholarly response is that they are both masters of exploring the most recondite crevices of the human mind and the existential angst that is inherent in its nature; they describe the undescribable recreate death and grief unflinchingly and make the reader be racked in pain by both And so following the thread of my pensive mood I remembered the unfinished review of Tolstoy’s novella that I have been meaning to revise for months on end unsuccessfully not finding the appropriate words not feeling satisfied with what I had written which I enclose belowDo we really know what death entails?Is the life we lead worthy of being lived?Do we appreciate the gift of existence?Tolstoy stares back with blank countenance and pens a sobering story stripped of artifice in response to those unanswerable uestions “The Death of Ivan Ilych” confronts the reader with his own mortality A civil servant in the high ranks of the Czarist Administration in the nineteenth century Russia ponders about the arbitrary system of rules that have dictated his life when the threat of death puts an unwanted emphasis on how he should have lived Dragged away by the currents of a set of conventions accepted without further enuiry and spurred by an eagerness to climb up the social ladder Ivan’s soul has undergone the same process of bureaucratization than his professional career A prominent citizen he has married well he has established contact with the influential members of his class and accumulated a vast list of superfluous achievements when death knocks on his door Either in nemesis or in randomness fated or chanced nature is unveiled as capricious unbridled and inscrutable and man’s pursuit of transcendence clashes with the finitude of his banal existence At first Ivan faces his impending death with disbelief then denial settles in only to be swamped with an overpowering disconsolation at his own disintegration while the world keeps on turning without him being part of it His family and closest friends regard him with superficial sympathy and remain indifferent and detached from his suffering As Ivan’s flesh withers with decay and stinks of sickness showing unmistakable signs of its transience his mind is reignited and a reverse process takes place on his soul Ivan looks death in the eye with frustration than fear dumbfounded that his life might be reduced to a trivial list of actions performed by an absurd sense of duty making of his time in this world even less than an anecdote Tolstoy presents a magisterial reflection on mankind’s incapacity to plow a satisfactory path to a dignified death and throws back his own vulnerability at the reader in the form of an omniscient narrator that chronicles the mundane yet gruesome death of a man The dilemma he contemplates goes beyond the realms of religion philosophy or fiction for the physical agony the ruthless demise of body and mind is described in painful detail infusing the story with perturbing realism Despite the heartfelt compassion that Ivan perceives in his son’s glance as the young untainted boy takes his lifeless hand Death places her cold blindfolded kiss and presses her finger upon the man’s lips sealing them forever and I uninvited outsider shaken and teary get a sour taste of what dying feels likeI had meant to polish the review; retrieve some sentences rephrase others perhaps add some uotes It's highly probable that I would have never published it but Banville’s masterpiece made me realize that there are some things that mere words can’t convey the touch of a virtuous pen is needed the sparkle of geniality is reuired I am not the possessor of such talents but Banville has both And so did Tolstoy

  5. Fabian says:

    Ivan Ilych's life had been most ordinary and therefore most terribleThis arresting line is a synopsis of what all of this boils down to More than likely in my pre Emo high school years had I read all 52 grueling pages of The Death of Ivan Ilych and truly understood its exuisite prolonged lingering around the very morbid notion of death it would have been a brick in my foundrmation Sadly nowadays I am way bubbly and optimistic than ever so I had a healthy distance between my idle thoughts and this powerful piece No matter this made me meditate on that occurrence that is shared by us all the ultimate final destination called death doesn't matter where you lived breathed loved The novella is incredibly vivid simplejust very understandable relatable Yes it seems that an illness so long gives the titular man the right to sum up uickly his days of before his heights his passions it is so realistic that I vouch for this to become an official horror selection in any given anthology

  6. Greta says:

    About living a life worth dying for We want to imagine that dying means to fall asleep one day peacefully and without any pain looking back at a satisfied and happy life But what if the opposite is the case? Portrait Leo Tolstoy Ivan Ilyich is an ordinary but very successful man with social status But then he injures himself and learns that his condition is terminal Confronted with his diagnosis Ivan tries to fight his worsening situation until the pain grows so intense that he is forced to stop working and spend the remaining days in bed dependent on others During the long and painful process of dying Ivan dwells on the idea that he doesn‘t deserve to suffer because he has lived his life in the right way which is why his pain and death must be senseless He begins to uestion whether he has in fact lived a good life and makes a clear split between an artificial life characterized by self interest and an authentic life marked by compassion and sympathy before he dies Ivan IlychIvan lives his life by the dictates of others Rather than relying on his own reason and good sense to direct his moral life he adopts the beliefs and values of the aristocratic society and those with high social standing He believes that if he imitates their lifestyle his own life will adapt and he will find meaning and fulfillment Ivan becomes obsessed with standards of the upper class and grows increasingly intolerant to everything that threatens his own comfort and materialism He reduces his personal relationships to shallow encounters and only finds pain isolation and dissatisfaction instead of meaning and fulfillment When he is confronted with the prospect of his death he is forced to confront his isolation which provokes serious existential reflections Ivan's illness reveals to him the true nature of life and he realizes that one has to live with compassion and loveThe Artificial Life Count Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy as young man The novel states that there are two types of lives; the artificial life and the authentic life The artificial life is marked by shallow relationships egoism and materialism and incapable of providing answers to the important uestions in life It is merely a deception that hides life's true meaning and leaves one terrified and alone at the moment of death The authentic life on the other hand is marked by pity and compassion It sees others as individual beings with uniue thoughts feelings and desires and cultivates valuable relationships that overcome isolation and allow true contact It creates bonds and prepares someone for the moment of deathSpiritualityTolstoy describes a conflict between the spiritual life and the physical life Initially Ivan has no spirituality and experiences excruciating pain deep unhappiness and absolute terror But when his coming death forces him to confront his isolation and grows toward understanding he replaces the physical with the spiritual and moves beyond his sufferingThe Inevitability of Death Leo Tolstoy‘s death in 1910When Ivan's attitude toward life and death changes his emotions progress from fright and terror to joy Ivan‘s social milieu is characterized by the avoidance of death that is based on a delusion designed to protect people from unpleasant realities Conseuently it leads to emptiness horror and dissatisfaction An acceptance of death on the other hand and the recognition of the unpredictability of life allows peace and even joy at the moment of death More than anything the novel can be seen as a lesson to make sense of death by living rightly “Morning or night Friday or Sunday made no difference everything was the same the gnawing excruciating incessant pain; that awareness of life irrevocably passing but not yet gone; that dreadful loathsome death the only reality relentlessly closing in on him; and that same endless lieA someone who came very close to dying this story touched me deep in my heart Tolstoy shows again his enormous emotional intelligence the weak spots of the human heart the primacy and elision of death and the conseuences of living without meaning

  7. J.L. Sutton says:

    In Leo Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Ilych awareness of his impending death compels Ilych to think about whether his life had meaning He reviews his career family and the passions which guided his life all the decisions which led him to where he found himself Even as he knows death is closing in on him Ilych rejects the possibility that he will die and only slowly comes to accept his fate I remember reading this many years ago and it had stuck with me The story Ilych tells himself was fuller than I had remembered The topic and the structure of the narrative makes this memorable; however it is the meditative uality which Tolstoy brings to Ilych's last days which makes this story especially powerful

  8. Fabian {Councillor} says:

    It is a widespread stereotype that Russian classics are mostly long tedious boring a burden to get through but one only needs to read a short book like The Death of Ivan Ilych in order to be proven wrong A philosophical in its beautiful writing almost lyrical account of a dying man's life Tolstoy will make you think about your own mortality about happiness sorrow and most likely your own life as well “They had supper and went away and Ivan Ilych was left alone with the consciousness that his life was poisoned and was poisoning the lives of others and that this poison did not weaken but penetrated and deeply into his whole beingWith this consciousness and with physical pain besides the terror he must go to bed often to lie awake the greater part of the night Next morning he had to get up again dress go to the law courts speak and write; or if he did not go out spend at home those twenty four hours a day each of which was a torture And he had to live thus all alone on the brink of an abyss with no one who understood or pitied him” During the course of the story Tolstoy introduces us to the life of the unhappy Ivan Ilych who might have expected too much from his life and had to discover the disappointing truth after his marriage failed to induce happiness and death tore its way through his soul way too early Tolstoy uses his protagonist to help us realize how we all have to die one day and there will surely be readers who just like Ivan Ilych always thought of death as something foreign they wouldn't have to worry about until a long time later The author's prose is highly readable and might just as well have originated from someone who wrote the book five or ten years ago; besides Tolstoy knows how to captivate his reader thus The Death of Ivan Ilych can only be called a book which can't be recommended highly enough for readers interested in Russian literature or on a general note classics “There remained only those rare periods of amorousness which still came to them at times but did not last long These were islets at which they anchored for a while and then again set out upon that ocean of veiled hostility which showed itself in their aloofness from one another” Tolstoy defines the marriage between Ivan Ilych and Praskovya Fedorovna as an engagement of mutual aversion founded in their hopes to find concealment and secureness which were shattered only months after their wedding The sadness behind the realizations of those two characters that their marriage has never been destined to bring happiness into their lives will cloud their sorrowful lives until the slow but torturous demise of Ivan Ilych turns into the ultimate factor driving them apart from each otherIf you are intimidated by the length of classics like Anna Karenina War and Peace Crime and Punishment and the like then I can almost assure you that reading some shorter novellas like The Death of Ivan Ilych or Dostoyevksy's White Nights will help you with finding a way into Russian literature coming to terms with the rather uncommon names and growing an interest in the huge Russian classics which will surpass the simple feeling of pressure to read them just because others said those are books everyone has to read And they probably are But it's always easier to anticipate rather than dread them so novellas like these will be extremely helpful

  9. Brina says:

    Last year the group catching up on classics chose The Death of Ivan Ilyich as one of their monthly short story selections At the time I did not have the time to read it; however a play I recently read had reading Anna Karenina as a major plot line Wanting an introduction to Tolstoy prior to reading this epic I decided upon Ivan Ilyich as my gateway to his celebrated work Ivan Ilyich enjoyed an upper middle class life in pre revolutionary Russia He graduated from a jurisprudence course and eventually became a lawyer in an out of the way province He married Praskovya Fyodorovna and the two lived a married life that was neither happy nor sad for over twenty years Each person became set in their own ways and the two lived as separate islands in their home made possible by Ivan Ilyich's income I was not completely captivated by the story of Ivan Ilyich He lived a relatively normal existence and experienced many things that an average upper middle class citizen might have experienced in Russia at the time of publication hence the rating I found Tolstoy's writing style accessible which should ease the way for me to read his longer works The part I found the most interesting was how Tolstoy through Ivan Ilyich discussed his views on death and dying which is the premise of this story Ivan Ilyich grappled with the alternatives of dying and being mired in a marriage where he was not appreciated or loved Even though I only gave this story three stars I am glad I read it as an introduction to Tolstoy The premise is an interesting one and I enjoy the time period although it is not a story that I am not drawn to I would recommend this to those who might not read classics due to their long length and want to begin to read an author's works I look forward to endeavoring through Tolstoy's epic novels after discovering that his writing style is easy to read for the masses

  10. Bruce says:

    Each time I reread Tolstoy’s little novella The Death of Ivan Ilych I read it differently As a college student I read it as a description of an experience for someone elderly an experience distant almost unreal so far in the future as to be strange almost surreal Reading it again during my years as a practicing physician I was impressed by Tolstoy’s perceptiveness of the stages of grieving the writings of Elisabeth Kubler Ross being then all the rage and how my patients had similar experiences also learning I think to be honest and sensitive than the physicians in the story Now a retired physician in my seventh decade I find that I view it differently surprised that Ivan is only in his forties when he dies I was astounded to note that he was so young not surprised by and even forgiving of the attitudes of his friends and family members and most understanding of Ivan’s process of introspectively reviewing his life evaluating it and responding in perhaps the only way he can to his approaching death and its meaning; I find it impossible not to personalize the story wondering even at a time when I am presumably in good health about my own eventual death what that experience will be like for me

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